Registering a Birth


All Alberta births must be registered with Alberta Vital Statistics. It is the responsibility of the mother and father/co-parent to complete a Registration of Birth form. In limited circumstances, a different person (authorized by legislation) may complete the Registration of Birth form on behalf of the parents. 
  • Parents of a newborn child have various options when choosing a last name for their child. Some restrictions apply; see Choosing a Last Name for Your Child for full details. 
  • To record the father/co-parent on a child’s birth record both parents must sign the Registration of Birth. 
  • The Registration of Birth form is a permanent legal record of the birth. The information recorded on the Registration of Birth is used to produce birth certificates. Therefore it is very important the Registration of Birth be completed fully and accurately.

Hospital Birth

  • When a child is born in a hospital (or on route to a hospital), the hospital will provide the parents with a Registration or Birth form to complete. 
  • The completed Registration of Birth remains with the hospital where the child was born. 
  • The birth forms are sent to the Vital Statistics office within 10 days of the birth by the hospital. 
  • Vital Statistics will register the child’s birth. 

Home Birth with a Registered Midwife

  • When a child is born at home, the registered midwife will provide the parents with a Registration of Birth form to complete. 
  • The completed Registration of Birth remains with the registered midwife. 
  • The birth forms are sent to the Vital Statistics office within 10 days of the birth by the registered midwife. 
  • Vital Statistics will register the child’s birth.

Home Birth

  • When a registered midwife or physician is not involved with a birth that takes place at home, the process to register the child’s birth is a bit different. 
  • See Home Birth Information for Registering a Birth for the full details.

Newborn Programs

When a mother completes the Registration of Birth form, she has the option of applying for her child’s Social Insurance Number (SIN) and Canada Child Benefits (CCB) at the same time. These are referred to as the Newborn Registration Service (NRS) and the Automated Benefits Application (ABA). The Registration of Birth form may only be used for application of these services when the child is younger than one year old.

Newborn Registration Service: Applying for a Child’s SIN

  • A SIN is required to access various Alberta and Canadian government programs such as the Registered Education Savings Plan, Canada Learning Bond and Canada Education Savings Grant.
  • For information about federal programs, see CanLearn (external Website). 
  • For information about the Newborn Registration Service, see Service Canada (external Website).

Applying for a Child's SIN Using the Registration of Birth Form 

  • Only a parent recorded on the Registration of Birth may apply for the child’s SIN. 
  • A parent signs the section titled "Request for a Social Insurance Number for My Child" near the bottom of the Registration of Birth form. 
  • The parent must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada. If a parent is not a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada, application for the child’s SIN cannot be made using the Registration of Birth form. Application must be made directly to Service Canada as other restrictions may apply. 
  • The child’s SIN application information is sent to Service Canada once the birth is registered. 
  • There is no fee for the application.

Automated Benefits Application: Applying for a Child’s CCB

  • CCB include federal and provincial child tax benefit programs for a newborn. 
  • CCB programs include Canada Child Tax Benefit, Universal Child Care Benefit, GST/HST Credit and Alberta Family Employment Tax Credit. 
  • For information about the Automated Benefits Application, see Canada Revenue Agency (external Website).

Applying for CCB Using the Registration of Birth Form

  • Only the mother recorded on the Registration of Birth may apply for CCB. 
  • The mother records her SIN number on the Registration of Birth form. 
  • The mother signs the section titled “Request for Canada Child Benefits for My Child” near the bottom of the Registration of Birth form. 
  • The mother must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada. If she is not a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada, application for the child’s CCB cannot be made using the Registration of Birth form. Application must be made directly to Canada Revenue Agency as other restrictions may apply. 
  • The child’s CCB application information is sent to Canada Revenue Agency once the birth is registered. 
  • There is no fee for the application.

Amendments

Once a birth is registered, corrections (amendments) may only be completed with the appropriate documentation and affidavits. 

  • If an amendment is requested within 90 days from the date of the child’s birth, there is no fee. 
  • If an amendment is requested after 90 days have passed (from the child’s date of birth), an amendment fee is required; see Government Fees for amendment fee details.

For more information regarding amendments, see Making an Amendment to a Registration.

Birth Certificates

After the birth is registered by Vital Statistics, birth certificates can be purchased for the child. For more information regarding birth certificates, see Ordering a Birth Document.